Ensaluto

KOMPARA TABELE PES PERSONAY PRONOMEY

bildo de Ljeonjiid

 

.!saluten qym (< = al vi) ,komencantay poliglotey.

 

..vershajno ,qy (< = vi) komprenas famo (< = nun) ,ke realo konkurenci yip (< = kun) 

Inhglihsha lyingve ,por(ke) jyi (< = estyi) globalo yinternacijha lyingve ,povos nur

naciEespay lyingvey ,ekzemplo ,EsperantEespa yirh (< = kaj auh = kauh) InhglihshEespa

,on (< = sed) nje (< = ne) Fundamenta Esperanto ip multay gravay erarey pjje (< = en)

gramatyike ,ekzemplo ,!komparu personayn pronomeyn ,kjay (< = kyiuy) rilatas pem 

gramatyika lexyike (= leksyike) yi kjay jas (< = estas) (p)anstatauhsubstantyivay pronomey 

orh (< = auh) ,olvorto (< = alivorto) ,fjey (< = yili) jas (< = estas) pronomay substantyivey 

yi fro (= pro(s) fe < = pro chi+tyio-eh) fjey devas hhi (< = hhavi) !substantyivan finazhen 

,!on nur Eespay personay pronomey hhas (< = hhavas) substantyivan fyinazhen +e(h) yi 

fro fjey gajnas konkuren por jyi tauhgay yinternacijhay gramatyikay elementey:

 

 

..PERSONAY PRONOMEY (Eespay ,Esperantay yi Inhglihshay)..

 

..Eespay

< = Esperantay

..kaze

..persone

..Inhglihshay (= anglay)

 

sing" n"

 

plur" n"

singulare

plurale

le

< = myi

mi ,my

< = nyi

subjhjekta

jejla (< = unua)

I /aih/

we /wyi/

(e)de ,.te

< = vyi ,ci

qi ,qy

,.ci ,cy

< = vyi

jejda (< = dua)

you /ju/

you /ju/

ve ,vue

< = lyi

,vyi(e)

< = shyi

,ve ,fje

< = qhyi

zi ,zy

< = yilyi

jejva (< = tryia)

he /hhyi/

,she /shyi/

,it /it/

they /dhyeih/

be ,bu(e) ,byi(e)

gi ,gy

fora subjhjekta

jejba

(< = kvara)

..fora pronome Esperanta yi Inhglihsha nohekzyistas.

 

lem ,len < = al myi ,myin

mim ,mym < = al nyi

,.min ,myn < = nyin

objhjekta

jejla (< = unua)

me /myi/

us /a(h)s/

dem

< = al vyi ,den

< = vyin

qim ,qym

,.qin ,qyn

jejda (< = dua)

you /ju/

you /ju/

vem ,ven

zim = zym <= al yilyi

,zin = zyn <= lyin

jejva (< = tryia)

him /hhim/

,her /hhyoe-rh/

,it /it/

them /dhyem/

bem ,ben

gim ,gym

,.gin ,gyn

fora objhjekta

jejba

(< = kvara)

..fora pronome Esperanta yi Inhglihsha nohekzyistas.

 

les(a)

 < = myia

mis(a) ,mysa

< = nyia

adjhjektyiv+

+atributa

posesyiva

jejla (< = unua)

my /maih/

our /auhe(rh)/

des(a)

< = vyia

dis(a) dysa < = vyia

jejda (< = dua)

your /jo(o)-rh/

your /jo(o)-rh/

vuesa

< = lyia

vyiesa ,shyia

ves(a) ,fjesa

< = qhyia

vis(a) ,vy((h)e)sa = vy(e)sa = vysa = vyhesa

< = yilyia

jejva (< = tryia)

his /hhiz/

,her / hhyoe-rh/

its /its/

their /dhyeeh-rh/

bes(a)

gis(a) ,gysa

fora adjhjektyiv+

+atributa

posesyiva

jejba

(< = kvara)

..fora pronome Esperanta yi Inhglihsha nohekzyistas.

 

les(e)

< = la myia

mis(e) ,mys

substantivigyita posedyiva (substantyiva absoluta)

jejla (< = unua)

mine /maihn/

ours /auhe(rh)z/

des(e)

< = la vyia

qis(e) ,qys

jejda (< = dua)

yours /jo(o)(rh)z/

yours /jo(o)(rh)z/

vues(e) ,vyies(e)

< = la lyia

zis(e) ,zys

jejva (< = tryia)

his /hhiz/

,hers /hhyoe(rh)z

,its /its/

theirs /dhyeeh(rh)z/

bes(e)

gis(e) ,gys

fora posedyiva substantivigyita

jejba

(< = kvara)

..fora pronome Esperanta yi Inhglihsha nohekzyistas.

 


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